Answer: It controlled the Muslim Empire after beating the Umayyads and did that
with help from other Muslims who hated the Umayyads.
What was the Abbasid Empire?
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The Abbasid dynasty ruled as caliphs from their capital in Baghdad in modern Iraq after taking over authority of the Muslim empire from the Umayyads in 750 CE. Decline of the Abbasid Empire The Abbasid leadership worked to overcome the political challenges of a large empire with limited communication in the last half of the 8th century (750–800 CE).
The Abbasids were an Arabic dynasty that initially ruled over most of the Islamic empire (save some western parts) after assuming the caliphate in 750 CE later on their empire fragmented however they retained spiritual supremacy as caliphs until 1258 CE. They assumed the caliphal title after ousting the ruling Umayyad Dynasty hence serving as the second dynasty to serves as a Caliphate (632-1924 CE intermittently).
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The Abbasid historical period lasting to the Mongol conquest of Baghdad in 1258 CE is considered the Islamic Golden Age. The Islamic Golden Age was inaugurated by the middle of the 8th century by the ascension of the Abbasid Caliphate and the transfer of the capital from Damascus to Baghdad.
Type of Government. The second great Islamic caliphate (ruling dynasty) the ʿAbbāsid Empire ruled the Muslim world as an absolute hereditary monarchy between 750 and 1258.
Abbasid caliphate second of the two great dynasties of the Mu...