Answer: the tendency for one's preexisting beliefs to distort logical reasoning,
sometimes by making invalid conculstions seem valid or vice versa
belief bias
Summary and conclusions The belief bias is a cognitive bias that causes people to over-rely on preexisting beliefs and knowledge when evaluating... The belief bias means that people often accept arguments that align with their preexisting beliefs even if those... For example the belief bias can ...
Belief bias is the tendency to judge the strength of arguments based on the plausibility of their conclusion rather than how strongly they support that conclusion. A person is more likely to accept an argument that supports a conclusion that aligns with their values beliefs and prior knowledge while rejecting counter arguments to the conclusion. Belief bias is an extremely common and therefore significant form of error; we can easily be blinded by our beliefs and reach the wrong conclusion. Be
This is particularly true when people ignore the premises and focus solely on the conclusions being drawn. It is even more true of people who are not educated in logic and argumentation as such people reason by experience and not at all by logic.
Belief bias . [ [ClinPsy}} Belief bias is a bias of deductive reasoning. In a series of experiments by Evans et al. subjects were presented with deductive arguments (in each of which a series of premises and a conclusion are given) and asked to indicate if each conclusion necessarily follows from the premises given.
Belief bias refers to our tendency to rely on our pre-existing beliefs to evaluate a conclusion. This leads us to overestimate the validity of a credible conclusion independently of its true logical validity [1].
The Belief-Bias Effect refers to the results that happen when an individual's own values beliefs prior knowledge etc. affects or distorts the reasoning process through the acceptance of invalid ar...